History & Historical Sites
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One of the most popular tourist destinations in Israel is Masada, the ancient fortress overlooking the Dead Sea. Its unique geographical formation, challenging hike, and tragic story combine to make Masada a can't-miss stop on a Christian Holy Land Tour. Masada was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001.
The rule of the Ottoman Empire in Israel, which began in the early 16th century, lasted until the end of World World I, after which Great Britain gained control of Palestine. During Ottoman rule, the religious minorities in Israel – Christians and Jews – lived through both periods of prosperity, and of persecution.